**INTRODUCTION OF LEARNING SKILL DEVELOPMENT:**

Every normal and regular child born with enormous capabilities of brainpower. If we can teach them procedural knowledge from their very early childhood, they are all can be a super talented and geniuses. Most of our traditional educational system teach memorisation and understanding of objective and encyclopaedic knowledge which they can’t use to solve critical problems, because they can’t relate their prior knowledge or experiences with their present problems.

Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist known for his work on child development. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development and epistemological view are together called “genetic epistemology”. Piaget placed great importance on the education of children.

He advised that parents/teachers and educators should emphasis on the development of schemas of the child’s brain through a bit by bit intelligences so that they can think about objective knowledge in procedural way. We know that in Mathematics memorisation can’t help to solve a problem in a long run. Rather, if they can learn the rules, formulas and procedures they can solve any similar problems without any stress.

Without Metacognitive Development it is very difficult for the children to solve critical problems at their older age. Therefore, from ALOHA we have taken initiative to explore step by step in all areas of intelligence and metacognitive developments.

**SHAPES**

From early age children need to know about shapes. In our everyday life we are dealing with different type of shapes. In geometry it’s essential to know about the shapes. Parents can help their children to describe shapes at their home environment.

There are two types of shapes:

- FLAT SHAPES
- SOLID SHAPES

**FLAT SHAPES:** A **two**–**dimensional** (2D) **object** is an **object** that only has **two dimensions**, such as a length and a width, but no thickness. Draw a square on a piece of paper and you have a **two**–**dimensional** square. Draw a circle on a piece of paper and you have a **two**–**dimensional** circle. **Two**–**dimensional** shapes are called **Flat Shape**. Circles, Squares, Triangles and Rectangles are Flat Shapes.

**CIRCLE:** A **circle** is a round, two-dimensional shape. All points on the edge of the **circle** are at the same distance from the centre.

**SQUARE:** In geometry, a **square** is a regular quadrilateral, which means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles (90-degree angles).

**TRIANGLE:** A plane figure with three straight sides and three angles is called **Triangle.**

**RECTANGLE:** A **rectangle** is a shape with four sides and four corners. The corners are all right angles. It follows that the lengths of the pairs of sides opposite each other must be equal.

**SOLID SHAPES: Solid shapes are objects with a length, width, and height and take up space (3D). Solid shapes includes cones, cylinders, spheres, cubes and more.**

**CONE:** A **cone** is a distinctive three-dimensional geometric figure that has a flat surface and a curved surface, pointed towards the top. The pointed end of the **cone** is called the apex, whereas the flat surface is called the base.

**CUBE:** In geometry, a cube is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces., facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex. The cube is the only regular hexahedron and is one of the five Platonic solids. It has 6 faces, 12 edges, and 8 vertices

**SPHERE:** A sphere is a geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a ball. Like a circle in a two-dimensional space, a sphere is defined mathematically as the set of points that are all at the same distance r from a given point.

**CYLINDER:** A cylinder has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes. It is the idealised version of a solid physical tin can having lids on top and bottom.

**SPATIAL SENSE / POSITIONS**

**Spatial awareness** activities can easily be implemented into the day in natural ways with **children**. **Spatial awareness**, also known as geometry, includes knowing about shapes, space, positions, directions and movement. Spatial senses improve spatial intelligences of the children which they will require in different calculations, decision making and analytical purposes.

Spatial senses includes left & right, inside & outside, left middle and right, top & bottom, top middle and bottom, above & below, beside and next. Parents can help their children to teach spatial senses in their daily life.