Unit 04: Reading Strategies Pre-K


Before start reading, children need to know about a book.

A book has many parts.It has a front cover and a back cover. The front cover tells you what the book is about.



A book also has many pages. The pages have numbers. You read the pages from left to right, starting at the top of the page.




All parents should enjoy some happy times with their very younger children. At this time parents should read aloud fairytales to the children and tell them every detail of the story. Let them ask questions about the story or parents can ask them questions. Question and answering develop their cognitive development tremendously. When children can’t give accurate answers ask them why they think this answer is correct and ask them to tell more about that. This way they can develop their metacognitive and learning skills. This way children will to follow their parents and try to develop their reading skills.

Now a days children spend their most of the times in TV, Computer, Mobile and Tab which can’t help them to develop their subjective knowledge and thinking. Fairytales unfold their imaginary world and train them to think about abstract world.

According to child psychologist Sally Goddard Blythe, director of The Institute for Neuro-Physiological Psychology and author of The Genius of Natural Childhood: Secrets of Thriving Children, even in our own age, fairy tales still have a lot to teach children about life, and indeed give us key imaginary experiences that shape us throughout our lives.

“Fairy tales are important not because they show children how life is, but because they give form to deep fears and dreams about life through fantasy,” Goddard Blythe says.

“The important thing to remember is that children take on these stories at the developmental level they are capable of. In fairy tales, it’s always clear that this isn’t the real world. The characters might be unfamiliar to the child but the problems and the feelings that are dealt with are themselves often very true to life. Fairy tales give children a way, through stories that are safely set apart from themselves, to understand some of the really confusing and difficult feelings that they can’t yet articulate for themselves.”

We are giving here an example of a story and a question set so that parents can collect fairytales in their way and interact with their very younger children.

A First Book of Fairy Tales and Myths

The Dragon of Krakow

At the bottom of a hill just outside Krakow, there lived a dragon. It spent most of its time sleeping in a cave. But at dawn it would come
out, stretch its wings, and look
for something to eat.

The local people were afraid of the dragon and kept well away from its hill. But sometimes, their sheep or cows strayed nearby and became dragon breakfast.

So some of them went to the king. “Please, Your Majesty,” they said. “Can’t you get rid of the dragon? It is taking too many of our animals.”

King Krakus promised he would do something. He announced that anyone who could get rid of the dragon would be given his daughter, Wanda, in marriage, and half of his lands.

After that, many brave—or foolish—young men came to try their luck. The most fortunate ones went home with their hair and eyebrows burned off. The unluckiest ended up inside the dragon.

At last, a poor, young shoemaker,
called Skuba, came to the palace
and said he would deal with the dragon.

Everyone laughed, but King Krakus was desperate. So he decided to give the boy a chance. “What do you need?” he asked. “A lamb’s skin, some gunpowder, and some mustard,” said Skuba. “What weapons do you have?” asked the king. “Just my needle and thread,” said the boy.

The king gave him what he needed, and the young shoemaker sewed the gunpowder and mustard up inside the lamb’s skin. He took the bundle to the dragon’s hill. Then he laid the “lamb” outside the dragon’s cave and hid behind a bush. Dawn came and the dragon emerged from the cave, stretching and yawning. He saw what he thought was a dead lamb.

“Hmm,” he thought. “A nice easy breakfast today.”

He gulped it down in one bite.

And then … the dragon’s throat started to burn and his stomach felt on fire. He ran toward the Vistula River to cool down. He drank and drank the river water to soothe his raging thirst until there was nothing left of the river to drink!

But it was too late—the mixture inside the dragon had mixed with his own fiery breath, and he exploded with a big BANG!

And there were parts of the dragon all over Krakow.
The smart shoemaker was happily married to Princess Wanda. And the people of Krakow were happy because they no longer had to worry about being eaten by a dragon.


This story is taken from the book “A First Book of Fairy Tales and Myths” Copyright © 2001, 2018 Dorling Kindersley Limited, DK, a Division of Penguin Random House LLC 18 19 20 21 22 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 001–307217–Mar/18, Text copyright © 2001 Mary Hoffman

Younger children have unlimited ability to receive data so that they are always thirsting for getting information and asking questions restlessly. And this is a great opportunity for the parents to answer their all questions logically and accurately. Parents should encourage their children to ask more questions. Parents should also ask their children basic and easy questions at the beginning so that they can get confidence by answering correctly. In developed countries like Singapore and Japan, their all early age learning program prepared as a guide for the parents. So, parents have great role to teach their most younger child at a very important time in their life.

Now it is proven by all research that from birth to age 6 is the most potential time for the children to prepare them for future learning. And at this crucial period of time, academic institutions have very small roles to develop their children. Only parents specifically mothers can perform a vital role in this regard.

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